03044cam a2200301 n 450 TD1600178120190304150416.0TDMAGDIG20190501d2014 --k--ita-50----ba itaFATTORI PREDITTIVI DI RISPOSTA VIROLOGICA SOSTENUTA IN PAZIENTI CON COINFEZIONE HIV-HCV TRATTATI CON PEG-INTERFERONE E RIBAVIRINATesi di dottoratoUniversità degli Studi di Milano2014-12-01diritti: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessIn relazione con info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/hdl/2434/245615tesi di dottoratoSettore MED/17 - Malattie InfettiveUniversità degli Studi di MilanoHepatitis C is a blood-borne infection caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). A chronic infection, which develops in most infected subjects, may lead to liver cirrhosis with ensuing liver dysfunction and liver cancer. About 30% of HIV-positive patients are coifected with HCV. The standard of care in HIV-HCV-coinfected subjects was a combination of pegylated interferon (peg-IFN)-alpha and ribavirin for 48 weeks until few months ago. The eradication of HCV was obtained in 20-55% of cases albeit with significant side effects. Further understanding of host factors that determine the effectiveness of treatment may provide diagnostic tools to distinguish patients who will be cured from those in whom treatment is likely to be futile. The aim of this thesis was to identify biomarkers and some conditions to predict outcome of combination therapy in HIV-HCV-infected patients. The parameters studied included microbial translocation markers as sCD14 and LPS, immune activation profile as CD8+CD38+, CD4+/CD8+ ratio, and in added a HAART intensification with CCR5 inhibitors, maraviroc. We showed that in HIV-HCV patients sCD14 correlates with the severity of liver disease and predicts early response to peg-IFN-apha/ribavirin. Moreover, during anti-HCV therapy there is a higher immune activation by CD8+CD38+ increasing. This data could be a major factor for outcome above all in the first phases of therapy. In conclusion, we evaluated that HAART intensification with maraviroc Per concludere si è valutato come l’intensificazione della terapia HAART con maraviroc could increase T CD4+ recovery and translate in higher probability of sustained virological response in immunological non responder subjects.Settore MED/17- Malattie InfettiveTDRA. UgliettiMARCHETTI, GIULIA CARLAtutor: G. Marchetti ; coordinatore: A. D'Arminio MonforteD'ARMINIO MONFORTE, ANTONELLAITIT-FI0098http://memoria.depositolegale.it/*/http://hdl.handle.net/2434/245615http://hdl.handle.net/2434/245615http://memoria.depositolegale.it/*/http://air.unimi.it/bitstream/2434/245615/2/phd_unimi_R09736.pdfhttp://air.unimi.it/bitstream/2434/245615/2/phd_unimi_R09736.pdf CRCFTDTD