D'Odorico, Giulia
Genere e sessualità. Madri e figlie tra Marocco e Italia [Tesi di dottorato]

This research project aims to explore the processes of construction of gender and sexuality among two generations of women - mothers and daughters - between Morocco and Italy and to illustrate the ongoing transformations within the framework of globalized migrations. This study is based on 29 biographical narratives that have been collected through interviews and participant observation in Italy - in Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia - and Morocco between February 2012 and September 2013. This research stands at the crossroads between family and migration studies (Grillo 2008; Kofman 2011) with the aim of contributing to a shift in the methodological and theoretical frame usually adopted for understanding family models of migrants and their descendants. Most of the research tends to adopt exclusively "nation-based" lenses (Levitt, Glick Schiller 2004; Anthias 2009) without considering the complexity of social positions and positionings that all subjects, including researchers (Erel 2007), face in the current global context. Thus, this study has adopted a "translocal" approach as developed by Anthias (2002; 2008; 2009; 2012), that is understood as a methodological tool simultaneously as a conceptual framework for analysis and interpretation. This framework deals with the idea that the practices discursively collected through biographical narratives can provide useful information to shed light on the processes of construction of differences. At the sime time, they can clear up the relations of power that shape differences within a range of discursive and material domains in complex and shifting societal arenas, including research interaction. In fact, the study aims at bringing to light the continuous locations and dislocations of subjects across different axes of power in social reality. Moreover it pays attention to the variable meanings and importance that social divisions - gender, processes of racialization, class, age, religion, nationality among the most significant in this research - can have in different times and contexts. Therefore, they are not considered as taken for granted. In this regard, the biographical approach (Personal Narratives Group 1989; Bichi 2000; Olagnero 1993, 2004; Maynes et al. 2008) offers an important opportunity to illustrate the mingling of individual trajectories at the micro level as well as events and processes that occur at the meso and macro level. In the field of migration studies (Apitzsch, Siouti 2007; Erel 2009), this approach allows us to capture the dynamic and changing nature of social positions and positionings of subjects in a space and time framework, drawing attention to broader power relations that shape biographical narratives (Abu Lughod 1991; Bourdieu 1986, 1993). In this sense, the biographical narratives unfold in a continuum of geographical sites between Morocco and Italy as well as social spaces where different relations of power contribute to give meanings to social reality and to produce boundaries and hierarchies between the different subjects involved in the research process (Marcus 1995; Gupta, Ferguson 1997; Gunaratnam 2003; Salih 2003; Fitzgerald 2006; Maher, Sacchi 2007). These are “situated” conversations embedded in complex nets of relations organized around several axes of power and differentiation (Haraway 1988; Lewis 1996; Buitelaar 2006): in this sense, this study opens up the possibility of bringing into view dynamics that are constitutive of power and the meanings attached to them, although inevitably in a partial way. In this research, we want to explore how differences are costructed in discursive and material ways, also contradictory, and to conceptualize them as a set of processes and not as essential and pre-given characteristics (Anthias 2012). The main cognitive questions that have guided the research are related to understanding the changes and diversification patterns of gender and sexuality in different times and spaces following the thread of generational continuity and discontinuity between mothers and daughters in the context of globalized migration (Inowlocki 1993; Lutz 1998; Lopez 2003). In particular, the issues on which we have tried to shed light focused on the processes of social construction of gender (Piccone Stella, Saraceno 1996; Leccardi 2002; Bimbi 2003; Ruspini 2009) and sexual relations (Foucault 1976; Goffman 1977) as well as the understanding of the meanings of the behaviors through which gender is produced in everyday interaction within structural and discursive frameworks (West, Zimmerman 1987). Particular attention has been paid to how power relations through which gender and sexual relations take shape are inscribed on the bodies (Bourdieu 1972, 1998; Foucault 1976, 1984; Abu Lughod 1986) in a continuous process of construction and transformation. Furthermore, we examined one of the major institutions lying within the gender and sexual structures and helping to reproduce them – the marriage (Saraceno 2001; Arosio 2008). In particular, we wanted to cast light on some aspects related to transformations of family models in the context of migration. We illustrated the changes occurring on the marriage market, with particular attention to the meanings attributed to marriage strategies (Bourdieu 1972) without losing view of the discursive and material contingencies under which these transformations take place. Moreover, we focused on the changes related to models of organization of family life, real or imagined. A translocal approach to the study of the different narratives about the social construction of gender and sexual relations elaborated by mothers and daughters living migration in direct or indirect way allows to untangle the knit of social changes occuring in the global context without compelling transformations within a one-direction sequence as well as fixed and essentializing analytical categories

In relazione con http://paduaresearch.cab.unipd.it/6353/
SPS/08 - Sociologia dei processi culturali e comunicativi

Tesi di dottorato. | Lingua: | Paese: | BID: TD16054404