Colliva, Carolina
New synthetic bile acid analogue agonists of FXR and TGR5 receptors: Analytical methodologies for the study of their physico-chemical properties, pharmacokinetic activity and metabolism. [Tesi di dottorato]

This thesis reports an integrated analytical approach for the study of physicochemical and biological properties of new synthetic bile acid (BA) analogues agonists of FXR and TGR5 receptors. Structure-activity data were compared with those previous obtained using the same experimental protocols on synthetic and natural occurring BA. The new synthetic BA analogues are classified in different groups according also to their potency as a FXR and TGR5 agonists: unconjugated and steroid modified BA and side chain modified BA including taurine or glycine conjugates and pseudo-conjugates (sulphonate and sulphate analogues). In order to investigate the relationship between structure and activity the synthetic analogues where admitted to a physicochemical characterization and to a preliminary screening for their pharmacokinetic and metabolism using a bile fistula rat model. Sensitive and accurate analytical methods have been developed for the quali-quantitative analysis of BA in biological fluids and sample used for physicochemical studies. Combined High Performance Liquid Chromatography Electrospray tandem mass spectrometry with efficient chromatographic separation of all studied BA and their metabolites have been optimized and validated. Analytical strategies for the identification of the BA and their minor metabolites have been developed. Taurine and glycine conjugates were identified in MS/MS by monitoring the specific ion transitions in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode while all other metabolites (sulphate, glucuronic acid, dehydroxylated, decarboxylated or oxo) were monitored in a selected-ion reaction (SIR) mode with a negative ESI interface by the following ions. Accurate and precise data where achieved regarding the main physicochemical properties including solubility, detergency, lipophilicity and albumin binding . These studies have shown that minor structural modification greatly affect the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of the new analogues in respect to the natural BA and on turn their site of action, particularly where their receptor are located in the enterohepatic circulation.

In relazione con
CHIM/01 - Chimica analitica

Tesi di dottorato. | Lingua: | Paese: | BID: TD17007992