Static and reconfigurable devices for near-field and far-field terahertz applications [Tesi di dottorato]
The terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation has gathered a growing interest from the scientific and technological communities in the last 30 years, due to its capability to penetrate common materials, such as paper, fabrics, or some plastics and offer information on a length scale between 100 µm and 1 mm. Moreover, terahertz radiation can be employed for wireless communications, because it is able to sustain terabit-per-second wireless links, opening to the possibility of a new generation of data networks. However, the terahertz band is a challenging range of the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of technological development and it falls amidst the microwave and optical techniques. Even though this so-called “terahertz gap” is progressively narrowing, the demand of efficient terahertz sources and detectors, as well as passive components for the management of terahertz radiation, is still high. In fact, novel strategies are currently under investigation, aiming at improving the performance of terahertz devices and, at the same time, at reducing their structure complexity and fabrication costs. In this PhD work, two classes of devices are studied, one for near-field focusing and one for far-field radiation with high directivity. Some solutions for their practical implementation are presented. The first class encompasses several configurations of diffractive lenses for focusing terahertz radiation. A configuration for a terahertz diffractive lens is proposed, numerically optimized, and experimentally evaluated. It shows a better resolution than a standard configuration. Moreover, this lens is investigated with regard to the possibility to develop terahertz diffractive lenses with a tunable focal length by means of an electro-optical control. Preliminary numerical data present a dual-focus capability at terahertz frequencies. The second class encompasses advanced radiating systems for controlling the far-field radiating features at terahertz frequencies. These are designed by means of the formalism of leaky-wave theory. Specifically, the use of an electro-optical material is considered for the design of a leaky-wave antenna operating in the terahertz range, achieving very promising results in terms of reconfigurability, efficiency, and radiating capabilities. Furthermore, different metasurface topologies are studied. Their analytical and numerical investigation reveals a high directivity in radiating performance. Directions for the fabrication and experimental test at terahertz frequencies of the proposed radiating structures are addressed..
diritti: info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
In relazione con info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/hdl/11573/1113306
GALLI, Alessandro
valutatori esterni: prof. G. Bellanca, prof. M. Peccianti
tutor esterno: Dr. R. Beccherelli
DI BENEDETTO, Maria Gabriella
Settore ING-INF/02 - - Campi Elettromagnetici

Tesi di dottorato. | Lingua: Inglese. | Paese: | BID: TD18044531